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戏曲欣赏 英语学习 教育教学 晋剧世界

本着宽和、平静的心态,行走在古典与时尚之间,坚持原则,沉着应对…

 
 
 

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人生是独一无二的,谁也不可能对他人的内心世界有彻底的理解,任何友谊和爱情都有时空的局限,就是自己对自己,也不可能真正把握最深层、最隐蔽的底蕴和玄机,以至许多人不得不担任从未设计过的命运角色!!!

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【中考总复习】初中英语常见介词的错误与纠正 2-1 (一个放不下)  

2016-10-21 11:37:08|  分类: E【中考英语】 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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[误] We got to the top of the mountain in daybreak.

  [正] We got to the top of the mountain at day break.

  [析] at用于具体时刻之前,如:sunrise midday noon sunset midnight night.

  [误] Don’t sleep at daytime

  [正] Don’t sleep in daytime.

  [析] in 要用于较长的一段时间之内,如:in the morning / afternoon in the week / month / year. in spring / supper /autumn / winter等等。

  [误] We visited the old man in Sunday afternoon.

  [正] We visited the old man on Sunday afternoon.

  [析] in the morning in the afternoon 如果在这两个短语中加入任何修饰词其前面的介词都要改为on 如:on a cold morning on the morning of July 14th

  [误] He became a writter at his twenties

  [正] He became a writter in his twenties

  [析]这句话应译为:他在20多岁时就成了作家。在某人的一段生活时间段中要用介词in来表示,而在具体岁数时用at来表示。

  [误] He went to New York to find a job in sixteen years old.

  [正] He went to New York to find a job at sixteen.

  [析] 在具体年岁前用at 如:at the age of 12 at your age,等等。

  [误] We went to swim in the river in a very hot day.

  [正] We went to swim in the river on a very hot day.

  [析] 具体某一天要用介词on 又如:on New Year‘s Day

  [误] I’m looking forward to seeing you on Christmas.

  [正] I’m looking for ward to seeing you at Christmas.

  [析]在节日的当天用on,而全部节日期间用atChristmas是圣诞节期间,一般要有两周或更长的时间。

  [误] I haven’t see you during the summer holidays.

  [正] I haven’t seen you since the beginning of the summer holidays.

  [析] during表示在某一段时间之内,所以一般不与完成时搭配,如:I visited a lot of museums during the holiday. for表示一段时间,可以用于完成时,如:I haven‘t see you for a long time. through 用来表示时间时则为整整,全部的时间。如:It rained through the night.since则是表达主句动作的起始时间,一般要与完成时连用。

  [误] At entering the classroom I heard the good news.

  [正] On entering the classroom I heard the good news.

  [析] On 加动名词表示……。本句的译文应是:我一进入教室就听见这个好消息了。又如:on hearing… 一听见, on arrival 一到达就……on表示动作的名词)

  [误] In the beginning of the book there are some interesting stories.

  [正] At the beginning of the book there are some interesting stories.

  [析] at the beginingat the end都是指某事物的开始与结束部分,均不指时间范围,而in the beginning 则是指开始一段时间。in the endat last是指最终,终于之意。

  [误] Till the end of next week. I will have finished this work.

  [正] By the end of next week. I will have finished this work.

  [析] by 引起的时间状语表示了动作的截止点,其意思为不迟于某一时刻将工作做完,所以主句一般是完成时态。当然可以有将来时态,如:I‘ll be there by five o’clock.till则表达其一动作一直持续到某一时刻,但句中的动词一定要用持续性动词,而瞬间的截止性动词应用其否定句式,如:I won‘t finish this work tilluntil next weekend.

  [误] He came to London before last weekend.

  [正] He had come to London before last weekend.

  [正] He came to London two weeks ago.

  [析] before 一般要与完成时连用,而ago则与一般过去时连用。

  [误] I have studied English for three years gince I had come here.

  [正] I have studied English for three years since I came here.

  [析] since用来表达主句动作的开始时间,所以其引出的从句中应为过去时,而不能用完成时态

 [误] I can help you repair this bike. You will get it after two hours.

  [正] I can help you repair this bike. You will get it in two hours.

  [析]中文经常讲两小时之后来取,两天内会修好,而这个介词在英文中要用in而不要用after.其原因有二,after 多用于过去时,如:I arrived in New York. After three days I found a job in the bank. after 加时间是表达一个不确定的时间范围,如:after three days 即三天之后的哪一天都可以。所以在许诺若干时间内会完成某事时,一定要用介词in.

  [误] Three days after he died.

  [正] After three days he died.

  [正] Three days later he died.

  [析] after later都可以用来表达一段时间之后,但它们所处的位置不同,after 在时间词前,而later在时间词后。

  [误] She hid herself after the tree.

  [正] She hid herself behind the tree.

  [析] after多用来表达某动作之后,所以有的语法书中称它为动态介词,如:I run after him. After finishing my homework I went to see a film. behind则多用于静态事物之后。

  [误] There is a beautiful bird on the tree.

  [正] There is a beautiful bird in the tree.

  [析] 树上长出的果实,树叶要用on 而其他外来的人、物体均要用in the tree.

  [误] Shanghai is on the east of China.

  [正] Shanghai is in the east of China.

  [析] 在表达地理位置时有3个介词:in on to. in表示在某范围之内; on表示与某地区接壤;to则表示不相接。如:Japan is to the east of China.

  [误] I arrived at New York on July 2nd.

  [正] I arrived in New York on July 2nd.

  [析] at用来表达较小的地方,而in用来表达较大的地方。at常用于at the school gate at home at a bus stop at the station at the cinema at a small village.

  [误] He lived in No. 3 Beijing Road.

  [正] He lived at No. 3 Beijing Road.

  [析] 在门牌号码前要用at 并要注意它的惯用法:at the end of the street at the foot of the mountain at the top of the page.

  [误] There is a colour TV set at the corner of the hall.

  [正] There is a colour TV set in the corner of the hall.

  [析] 在屋内的角落应用in,而墙的外角用at,如:There is a tree at the corner of the street.

  [误] This weekend I’ll stay in Uncle Wang’s.

  [正] This weekend I’ll stay at Uncle Wang’s.

  [析] 要注意英文的特殊表达法,如:at a tailor’s shop (裁缝店)=at a tailor’s at the doctor’s (去看病) at the bookseller’s (在书店) at uncle Wang’s (在王叔叔家)

  [误] Do you know there is some good news on today’s newspaper

  [正] Do you know there is some good news in today’s newspaper

  [析] 在报纸上的新闻要用in 而在具体某一版上,或某一页上则要用on.

  [误] The school will begin on September 1st.

  [正] School will begin on September 1st.

  [析]这里的school应看作不可数名词泛指学校的课程,即开学之意。要注意,有些活动场所当表达正在从事该种活动时不要加冠词,如:at table (吃饭), When I came to Tom’s home they were at table. 还有: at desk (学习),at work (工作) at school (上学), in hospital (住医院) at church 作礼拜如加上定冠词则另有他意,如:at the school 即在学校工作或办事,in the hospital 即在医院工作或去看望病人。

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